Level 2 Products

Carbon Monoxide


Carbon monoxide (CO) is an important atmospheric trace gas for our understanding of tropospheric chemistry. In certain urban areas, it is a major atmospheric pollutant. Main sources of CO are combustion of fossil fuels, biomass burning, and atmospheric oxidation of methane and other hydrocarbons. Whereas fossil fuel combustion is the main source of CO at Northern mid-latitudes, the oxidation of isoprenes and biomass burning play an important role in the tropics. Due to the long lifetime of methane (CH4), its oxidation provides a close-to uniform background on the global CO distribution. The most important sink of CO is its reaction with the hydroxyl radical OH.

TROPOMI observes the CO global abundance exploiting clear sky and cloudy sky Earth radiance measurements. In the 2.3 ┬Ám spectral range of the shortwave infrared (SWIR) part of the solar spectrum, TROPOMI clear sky observations provide CO total columns with sensitivity to the tropospheric boundary layer. For cloudy atmospheres, the column sensitivity changes according to the light path.


The Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD) can be found by clicking here.


The Product User Manual (PUM) and Sample Data Files are being updated based on a new release of the processing software and will be available for download by mid-May 2017.

After launch, preliminary product results will be provided during the Commissioning Phase and the Operational Phase.